Cognitive-psychological mechanisms

     On October 15th, 2010 the Ministry of Education of Science of the Russian Federation concluded a government contract with the Russian State University for the Humanities for carrying out  scientific research within the federal target program “Scientific and scientific-pedagogical personnel of innovative Russia” in 2009-2013. The subject of the research is “Cognitive-psychological mechanisms of professional qualifications enhancement of a new type experts in the context of modernization in Russia. The research director is V. I. Zabotkina; the main executive - board member of Research-education Centre for Cognitive Programs and Technologies V. F. Spiridonov.

     The objective of the scientific research is studying the main cognitive-psychological mechanisms of professional qualifications enhancement of a new type experts in the context of modernization in Russia. The focus of the research team attention is the description of various cognitive and emotional factors that contribute to the enhancement of competence and achievement of high results in various professional activities. One of the most significant results is expected to be a psychological model of competence in the fields with a high level of uncertainty. The accomplishment of the research must guarantee an achievement of world-class scientific results, training and retention in the academic field of scientific and scientific-pedagogic personnel, formation of effective and viable research teams.

     The research makes use of modern experimental methods and approaches (such as eye-tracking, out loud thinking, conscious and unconscious priming, experimentally induced emotional states, etc.) as well as methods of statistical data representation and processing corresponding to the objectives.

Research objectives:

  • Psychological analysis of competence structure of representatives of professions with a high level of uncertainty;
  • Recognition and analysis of cognitive and emotional factors that influence the achievement of a high level of professional results as well as studying the interaction of such factors;
  • Development and approbation of methods of psychological structure analysis and measurement of professional problems and tasks comparative complexity;
  • Adjustment of measuring methods of emotional intelligence, accuracy of different-type object categorization, use of heuristic strategies of solving poorly structured problems;
  • Defining recommendations for improvement of the system of preparation and optimization of academic programs;
  • Introduction of the obtained results into the coursework of undergraduate and postgraduate students at the RSUH.

     Among the problems in the subject field which so far remain unsolved are the following:

  1. What are the cognitive and emotional factors that differentiate experts from novices in professions with high level of uncertainty? This presupposes the identification of the main directions of psychological changes that occur in experts progressively as they develop professionally and explanation of the directions in terms of various psychological mechanisms involved. This problem is central to the research program.
  1. How domain-specific is professional competence and can a high level of achievement in one field be transferred to related and similar professional fields? This question is of great importance because the realization of educational and training programs for high qualification experts will depend on the answer.

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